Yoga is a proven method of maintaining physical and mental health. There are numerous techniques and each one has its special effect on our health. It is impossible to discuss all those techniques here in this small article, but a short discussion about the yoga basics can be helpful for individuals who are starting with practices.
Although there is a host of health benefits of it, if you are not doing those movements and positions with proper procedure you may not gain the exact benefit of practicing it. Hence, the basics discussed in this article is about the basic sitting position and their positive effect on the physical and mental health of the practitioner.
Posture is the first and foremost aspect of yoga: whether sitting or standing. The asanas and yogas can be effective if you practice it with right posture. Keep your back and neck straight so that your vertebral column remains perpendicular to the ground. After that you can bend forward, backward or sidewise to attain different positions. The straight and upright posture allows perfect breathing and blood circulation.
Correct placement of foot:
Apart from correct sitting position, the correct placement of foot is crucial for the yoga parishioners to get proper benefit of it. After sitting in a perfect posture, bend your knees and place your feet in such a position that the heels touch the groin and the front of the feet reaches high. Turn your food so that the soles face upward and your knees form obtuse angles. This is the initial position while doing the asanas in sitting positions. This yoga basic of correct position of foot may be difficult for the beginners, but with regular practice you can sit longer in this position.
Breathing control is most important for a yoga practitioner. Inhaling and exhaling of air with each body movement plays a crucial role in enhancing the effect of it. In fact breathing is a part of yoga basics. Breathing is the base of it that is regulated while entering a position, holding a position and exiting a yoga position. It is difficult to learn the breathing pattern from books if they are not mentioned descriptively. If you are lucky enough to find a good instructor, you can learn every aspect of breathing and asnas properly.
Movement of the body:
While practicing yoga, each movement of the body is important to get the special benefit of it on your body and mind. The yoga defines seven types of body movement such as circumduction, abduction, flexion, adduction, hyperextension, and rotation. Each movement has its own effect and when combined with perfectly the different combinations of body movement produce yoga positions. The movements in combination with breathing exercise and concentration energizes the body and mind.